This disease can not be treated, the cure provided is in the form of symptomatic treatment and stopping further exposure to asbestos. Therefore, treatment is carried out that has the definition of asbestosis to help the patient breathe easily, withstand respiratory infections, and withstand further complications. What needs to be done is prevention, namely stopping or avoiding asbestos exposure. It is highly recommended that workers who are at high risk of asbestosis run a health screening at least once a year
- Cool-mist humidifier, cough medicine can dissipate chronic secretions.
- Aspirin or Acetominophen (Tylenol) can relieve discomfort and oral or inhaled bronchodilators and dilate the airway.
- Supportive treatment for signs that appear is to remove mucus/phlegm from the lungs through a postural draining procedure.
- Asbestosis Prevention
Asbestosis can be prevented by reducing the levels of fiber and asbestos dust in the work environment. The best personal protective equipment is a respirator. A respirator is a mask that uses a filter so that it can clean the air that is inhaled.
There are 2 types of respirators, namely the half-face respirator, where it functions as an air filter, and the full-face respirator, which also functions as eye protection. To reduce the risk of developing lung cancer, it is recommended that workers who are exposed to asbestos stop smoking. Meanwhile, the role of keeping away the sources of disease that can spread to the family, it is advisable for every worker to clean his work clothes at the factory, and replace them with clean clothes to go home again. So that all work clothes are not brought home, and workers clean themselves or bathe before going back to their respective homes.
- Complications of asbestosis
Mesothelioma is an aggressive, cancer that affects the lining of the membranes of the lungs and abdomen. Mesothelioma caused by asbestos is malignant and incurable. Mesotheliomas mostly appear after exposure to krokidolite, one of 4 asbestos models. Hemocytes, another model, also have an impact on mesothelioma. Chrysotile may not cause mesothelioma but is sometimes contaminated by tremolites which can cause mesothelioma. Mesotheliomas mostly occur after 30-40 years of exposure.
- Prognosis of Asbestosis
The prognosis is often good unless there is lung cancer or mesothelioma, a person exposed to asbestos can live for years, even decades, with the disease. However, because the definition of asbestosis is getting worse over time, patients will need to increase their treatment as they age.